A Whisper of facts

Author: Ivan Simic, M.A.

Address: Matije Gupca 14, 10090 Zagreb, Croatia

e-mail: ivan.simic@vio.hr

(Note: This pages were attacked!)


Contents:

  • Preface
  • The Reality of Relativity: Time and Space/Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Time
  • Space
  • "Suit" of the Matter
  • References
  • About the author


    Preface

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    Remember geologic age of the Earth and a constant circulation of water in nature with shorter or longer preservation in glaciers, seas, lakes...! How many times has a single molecule of water, now in our body, evaporated and again fell as precipitation? How many times and in which plants and animals have these molecules dwelled in the rich geologic past of the Earth? Where are now these molecules of water that dwelled in pteridophytes, dinosaurs... ? Where are now the molecules of water which were in our body during our life and where have been those which we have just taken today with food and water? Remember that manure, a stable waste, is used as fertilizer for vegetable gardens, orchards and grain fields during many centuries!

    The just quoted suggests that our bodies are built from material that has been recycled many times!

    Characteristics of water (temperature zones of the states of aggregation, chemical stability, thermal characteristics, irregularity of change of the specific gravity by 3.98 °C) essentially varies from the characteristics of the similar compounds. Water (H2O)is most similar to hydrogen sulphide (H2S), which is a poisonous and explosive gas. Oxygen and sulfur belong to the same group of elements in the periodic system and molecules of both compounds consist of two hydrogen atoms.

    Consequences of the large amounts of water on Earth and of the uncommon characteristics of water, suggest that water is intended for regulation of the climate and creation of the life!

    In the whole geologic history of Earth it is common to all forms of life that they are built of planet's substance which is constantly recycled. Homo sapiens is one of many living beings, among a number of other species, who are built of the same recycled material. After a few millenniums of written history man has reached the level of necessary knowledge to cloning! How much knowledge is necessary to create new, though most simple form of reproducible life? How much knowledge is built in man (in a few tens of liters of water and a few kilograms of different minerals), who is able to learn, think, feel, build...?

    Wealth of the plants and animals, crowd of the different interdependent forms of lives and powerful processes of evolution up to the intelligent species, suggest that they are not accidental! Thermodynamic laws about entropy of the spontaneous natural processes support this suggestion!


    Is there Relativity only as Einstein defined? Many facts suggest that dilatation and contraction of time exist, but a somewhat different one from Einstein's:


    The Reality of Relativity: Time and Space

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    Abstract

    The Nature of Time and Space, and dilatation of Time are described here on the basis of facts. The examples of the Reality of Relativity and dynamics of changing of Time and Space are presented here. Many facts varify that the Universal Time exists parallely with the Individual Time. Numerous experimental results indicate that increased input of calories, stress, different diseases, genetic disorders etc, shorten the individual lifespan of living beings. Progeria disease proves the reality of the accelerated individual ageing without impact of the Universal Time. Dynamics of flow of the Individual Time in different periods of lifespan, moment of the beginning of life and individual dinamics of ageing of people are explained.

    Keywords: Relativity, Time, dilatation, acceleration, Space, ageing, lifespan.


    Introduction

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    Through many centuries, scientists have explained the variety of natural phenomena and laws which control these phenomena, but the explanation of the nature of Time and Space is still missing (1-5). J. Bell has suggested that the key of solution is in the different understanding of the nature of Time (1). This manuscript describes interdisciplinary facts which varify the Reality of Relativity of Time and indicate the existence of the Individual Time paralelly with the Universal Time.


    Time

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    The expression "Time" is used to indicate the series of changes of any physical characteristic of the Matter. The changes can be observed through consequences: changes of the position, velocity, direction, electric charge, impulse, mass, … !

    The consequences of changes create our notion of Time. Time (as well as color) is not characteristic of the physical world than only the psychological impression caused with physical causes!

    The series of changes is irreversible because every new changes increases the series of the former changes for one more and it always occurs after the last changes. This is why Time in the Physical Reality has only one direction! If the changes are more frequent, Time runs faster.

    The changes of the physical characteristics of the Matter occur on two levels:

    1. The Universal Time

    In all the nucleons of the entire universe, resulting in gravitation and strong nuclear forces. Autonomous, constantly repeating changes occur separately in each nucleon, in all nucleons since their creation, not depending on the events outside the nucleons. Therefore, these changes represent at the same time both: the Individual Time of the nucleon and the Universal Time - Time of the Universe. Because of the constant flow of the Universal Time, the Universe constantly changes. (Continuation in the Nature of Matter - in the preparation).

    2. The Individual Time

    Outside the nucleons, that is in individual units of an inanimate matter and in living beings, the changes occur in :
    - atoms : absorption and emission of photons, radioactive decays, …
    - molecules : chemical reactions, …
    - cells, organs and organisms of living beings : metabolic processes, …
    Individual changes of physical characteristics have different frequencies of occurrence (chemical reactions, radioactive decays, metabolic processes, …), they strictly occur individually although more units, either of the same or different kind, can be involved in these changes. This is why the units of an inanimate matter and living beings have their own Individual Time which is parallel to the Universal Time!
    Dynamics of the metabolic processes inside living beings determines the dynamics of their Individual Time flow, which is observed through the changes affecting them, which are called "the ageing process". A young plant is always different from the old one, newborns from their parents, although the nucleons in their bodies are equally old.

    Newborn children are even today born as young as in Times of Noah or Abraham although the nucleons in their bodies are several thousand of Earth years older.

    A number of research on animals and people have shown that reduced intake of calories has a favourable effect on health and extended lifespan, and vice versa (6-24). Fat people are more likely to become ill earlier from diseases which are associated with the ageing process and are more likely to die earlier (18-24). Persons exposed to stress tend to become ill more frequently and age quicker than persons with normal metabolism (25-29). Ultra-violet rays can cause skin cancer and changes on the skin which are typical for ageing processes (30-31). UV rays accelerate the Individual Time of the skin!

    Progeria disease proves the reality of the accelerated individual ageing, the acceleration of flow of the Individual Time (32). The Universal Time does not influence on the Individual Time and vice versa!

    Metabolism of animals who hibernate is much slower during the hibernation period than in summer months, so their Individual Time slows down during the hibernation. Tree rings show that metabolism is slower during the winter rest than in other seasons, so during the winter the Individual Time of trees also slows down.
    In an inanimate matter, for example the crystal of a diamond, after its formation, the existing physical characteristics of the crystal will not change till the next event of change, which may occur after thousands of Earth years. During this time the crystal of a diamond does not change, its Individual Time is dilated, although the crystal takes part in the Universal Time with its nucleons.

    These are only some of numerous examples of the reality of Time relativity in our Physical Reality.


    Space

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    The expression "Space" indicates a three-dimensional environment of the existence and activity of the Matter. The Matter creates a Space around itself through the effect of all its physical characteristics, and the range of that effect determines the dimension of the Space. The physical characteristics of the Matter create fields (electrical, magnetic, gravitational, etc.) which spread around the Matter with the speed of light, regardless of the speed of the Matter itself. The way in which the Matter creates the Space with its physical characteristics is shown with an iron sawdust placed around different shapes of magnets and conductors of electric current. Every change of the Matter's physical characteristic influences the field around the Matter and this change occurs along with the speed of change of the physical characteristic and it spreads in spherical waves with the speed of light.


    "Suit" of the Mater

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    According to the works of M. Planck, the Matter is quantized and each quantum of the Matter individually changes the state of its physical characteristics. Dimensions of Time and Space are dynamic characteristics of the Matter because Time flows and Space changes with each new event. Figuratively, we can say that Time and Space are a constantly changing "suit" of the Matter. Time and Space can figuratively be compared to the wind and the sea. Just as a strong wind makes big waves on the sea, and the breeze only ripples it a little, so the intensity of the changing effect of the Matter's physical characteristics is much stronger in the close proximity of the source of changes than is the effect of the same changes far away from the source, because the intensity is reversely proportional to the square of the spherical wave's radius. Coulomb and Newton's laws prove that. Space of our environment is neither homogenous nor static, it is affected by all the quanta of the entire Matter which influences our environment. It is known that the dynamics and intensity of Sun eruptions have impact on the surrounding area.
    Time and Space of each person begin with the first event which activates Time and Space of a new person and this moment is when a spermatozoon breaks the membrane and penetrates into the egg cell. From that moment of the conception, every person exists all of his/her life in the dynamic continuity of his/her personal dimensions of Time and Space.
    Every person has his/her individual flow of Time, as a result of the dynamics of metabolic processes. The more dynamic the metabolic processes are, the faster the person's Time is. This is why children change faster than older people. It is known that illness of small children develops faster than the illness of old people. Our personal Time is not steady throughout our lifetime, it is faster in the childhood than in the old age and faster when we are ill than when we are healthy. A sick part of the body ages faster than a healthy part.
    Fatigue of material in the technical field is a result of an accelerated ageing process of machine parts exposed to mechanical, thermal and other stresses as compared to spare parts in the warehouse.


    References

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    1. Bell, J. (1987). Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics. Cambridge University Press.
    2. Penrose, R. (1989). The Emperor's New Mind. Oxford University Press.
    3. Hawking, S.W., & Penrose, R. (1996). The Nature of Space and Time. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
    4. Hawking, S.W. (1988). A Brief History of Time. Translated by Z. and B. Živkovic, Opatija: Otokar Keršovani.
    5. Zovko, N. (2002). Prostor Vrijeme Tvar. Zagreb: ArTresor naklada.
    6. Gooren, L. What causes aging?, Society for the Study of the Aging Male (Singapore), http://www.aging-male.org.sg/article_causes_of_aging_01.htm
    7. Zimmerman, J.A., Malloy, V., Krajcik, R., & Orentreich, N. (2003). Nutritional control of aging. Experimental Gerontology, 38, 47-52.
    8. Weindruch, R. (1996). Caloric Restriction and Aging. Scientific American, 1, 46-52.
    9. Mattison, J. A., Lane, M. A., Roth, G. S., & Ingram, D.K. (2003). Calorie restriction in rhesus monkeys. Experimental Gerontology, 38, 35-46.
    10. Verdery, R. B., Ingram, D. K., Roth, G. S., & Lane, M. A. (1997). Caloric restriction increases HDL2 levels in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Am. J. of Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab., 273, 714-719.
    11. Lane, M. A., Baer, D.J., Rumpler, W. V., Weindruch, R., Ingram, D.K., Tilmont, E. M., Cutler, R. G., & Roth, G. S. (1996). Calorie restriction lowers body temperature in rhesus monkeys, consistent with a postulated anti-aging mechanism in rodents. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 93, 4159-4164.
    12. Lane, M. A., Black, A., Handy, A., Tilmont, E. M., Ingram, D. K., & Roth, G.S. (2001). Caloric Restriction in Primates. Annals of the N.Y. Acad. Sci., 928, 287-295.
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    17. Tamaya-Mori, N., Uemura, K., Tanaka, S., & Iguchi, A. (2003). Aging accelerates dietary lard-induced increase in blood pressure in rats. Exp. Gerontology, 38, 905-910.
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    About the author

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    M.A. Ivan Simic is a chemist with a longstanding experience in analytic chemistry and technologies of water processing.

    A. Important author's projects, repeatedly proven in practice as exceptionally efficient and ready for extensive commercial use (Investors are welcome):

    A1. ECO-ECO the technology of processing continental water into drinking-water "in continuo". The ECO-ECO water processing technology is ecologically and economically considerably more favourable in comparison to classical technologies, and therefore its name. Repeatedly verified in commercial practice with efficiency of about 100% in removal all, in ground-water most frequently found and in the drinking-water most undesirable materials (iron, manganese, ammonium, hydrogen sulphide, organic matters, pathogenic bacteria...)

    A2. Technology of fast and efficient reduction of chlorine:
    A2.1. The automatic activation of appliance in case of uncontrolled leaking of chlorine in warehouses and chloral stations. Without "ageing" of chemicals, this procedure is much faster and safer for people and the environment in comparison to the current procedure, absorption of chlorine in the solution for reduction of chlorine.
    A2.2. In hyperchlorinated water for disinfection of water-pipes and tanks. A special characteristic of this solution is care for the environment because dechlorinated water can be let out directly into water currents. The technology has been applied several times in commercial practice without any harmful impact on the environment.


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